There are various reasons for mouth and throat problems. These can be problems such as infection, certain medications, nutritional problems, oral cancer, other medical problems, poor dental hygiene. In order to develop a treatment plan, it is necessary to determine the problem correctly. Often, when the underlying problem is solved, mouth and throat problems are also solved.

Oral Aphthae

It is a common problem in the mouth. Generally, in cases where body resistance decreases due to an infection, stress, or malnutrition, white lesions called aphthae can be seen in the mouth. Usually, mouth spray and mouthwash are sufficient for its treatment. Although most of the time there is no sign of a serious illness. For long-standing or recurrent lesions, it should be examined by a specialist physician. Sometimes some vitamins that are low in the blood can cause this. Or if there are wounds in other parts of the body such as the genital area, It can be a harbinger of diseases such as Behchet’s disease.


Herpes simplex is a disease, which is mostly seen on the lips, but can sometimes be seen in the mouth, especially in cases where the immune system is weakened, often improves with local treatments but sometimes with systemic antiviral drugs.

Salivary Gland Cysts

Salivary cysts, which are usually found in the cheek mucosa, are mostly harmless and can burst spontaneously. However, in some cases, it reaches larger sizes especially in the floor of the mouth and is called ranula and may require surgical removal.

Mouth wounds

For wounds in the mouth that do not heal for a long time, a specialist physician’s opinion should be obtained. If there are diseases that severely suppress the body immune system (such as AIDS, cancer patients and  patients that are receiving chemotherapy…) systemic treatment is often required. If a lesion in the mouth persists for more than 1-2 months, it usually requires a biopsy. This may sometimes be autoimmune diseases such as lichen planus, or sometimes a cancer that begins in the tongue, lips, base of the mouth, palate, and gum area. In such cases, early diagnosis is very important. The sooner it is diagnosed, the easier treatment is.

In addition to these, dry mouth, periodontal diseases, gingivitis, tooth decay, etc. that can cause oral problems can also be seen. In such cases, a dental examination may also be required.

Throat Diseases

Throat food is a tube that carries air into your esophagus and into your windpipe and throat. Its technical name is pharynx.

Throat problems are common in the community.

One of the most common throat problems is pharyngitis. Sore throat causes are usually viral infections.

However, among other reasons, there may be reasons such as allergy, streptococcal bacteria infection, reflux, and the leakage of stomach acids into the esophagus.

Other factors affecting the throat.

  • Tonsillitis (tonsillitis),
  • Laryngitis
  • It could be cancer.

In mouth and throat complaints, you should consult to your doctor and take precautions or be treated according to his recommendations.

The mouth and throat problems described in this section can cause painful chewing or difficulty in swallowing. In such cases, it is recommended that you consume soft foods.

Discomfort around the head and neck are generally unsuitable problems that require quick action. In the presence of any infection, if the symptoms progress and the general condition makes worse, abscess development may occur, and this is a serious condition. Sometimes it requires surgical intervention and inpatient treatment.

Hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, and a feeling of stuck in the throat can sometimes be signs of serious illnesses. While infection is often considered in the symptoms that have existed for a few days; If it has been present for a long time, serious diseases such as cancer come to mind. Especially if you smoke, vocal cords and larynx should be examined by an otolaryngologist. Considering this situation, consult your doctor immediately in case of any discomfort you experience.

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    Last Updated on 1 March 2021